Genital herpes outbreaks slowly increase in intensity, with symptoms becoming gradually severe. For the majority of individuals, the first outbreak is the most severe.
The sexually transmitted disease occurs due to the Herpes Simplex Virus. The virus is detected in infected individuals through online lab tests or wellness clinics.
According to the CDC, genital Herpes is the most common infection in the United States. The prevalence of the disease has seen a tremendous increase due to HSV-1. The HSV-1 condition occurs typically during childhood and can be acquired orally (CDC, 2022).
Genital Herpes caused by HSV-2 is more common in women. The disease can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity.
Overview of Genital Herpes
Genital Herpes can be transferred from one individual by sexual contact through genital, anal, or oral routes.
There are two types of Herpes simplex virus that cause Genital Herpes.
- Herpes Simplex Virus 1: causes fever blisters and cold sores.
- Herpes Simplex Virus 2: This virus is most common for causing genital herpes as it shows more outbreaks. It can easily travel from one individual to another during sexual intercourse or activities.
Both of these viruses are unable to survive at room temperature. Hence it can’t be spread via surfaces.
Infected individuals that showcase no signs or symptoms of the disease are called asymptomatic. These patients have the highest chance of transferring the viral infection.
On the contrary, symptomatic people may experience itching, blisters, and sores in the genitals, mouth, and anus. The symptoms gradually worsen, and the frequency of the disease's outbursts also increases.
The First Outbreak of Genital Herpes in Women
The initial outbreak can last up to two to four weeks before the symptoms disappear (Jewell, 2022).
The first waves of symptoms experienced by infected individuals are:
- Small blisters or sores in the genital region. These can be seen in clusters and may cause pain.
- Rashes are also common and are very itchy. These can turn into small tears and accumulate bacteria upon scratching.
- Abnormal sensations in the genitalia, such as tingling, hot or cold.
- Pain while urinating is a common symptom often confused with urinary tract Infections (UTIs) and can also occur comorbidly.
- Unusual discharge from the Vagina that can have a pus-like consistency.
- Fever and headaches can also be experienced. Fatigue and lethargy are also not uncommon.
Online lab tests for the diagnosis of genital herpes
Herpes symptoms in women can vary from person to person. A doctor can assess your sexual history and symptoms if you have genital Herpes or any other infection.
The samples collected from your blisters or sores are for lab analysis. These samples can undergo a variety of lab tests to diagnose you for genital Herpes. Your health practitioner will recommend the best testing method for your case.
Blood plasma is rarely used as a primary test. However, it can be used to detect if any other illness is present.
The diagnosis is confirmed by:
- PCR tests which check for DNA markers.
- Antibody response initiated by the viral infection.
- Growing the virus in controlled environments such as blood cultures.
Are There Any Treatment Options for Genital Herpes Patients?
Genital Herpes is untreatable but can be managed. Antiviral drugs can help alleviate the following symptoms:
- Reduce the severity of the first outbreak and lower pain.
- Reduce symptoms and minimize outburst frequency.
- Decrease recurrent infections so that you can live a stress-free life.
- The healthcare professional assigned to your case will inform you of the best route.
- A high dose of antiviral can be given in acute and life-threatening situations.
- After assessing your case, a health practitioner will recommend the best treatment plan.
- Regular checkups are recommended as treatment plans are influenced by factors such as the infection’s intensity, the HSV strain (1 or 2), and sexual activity, amongst others.
How to Prevent Genital Herpes in Women at its Early Stages
Genital Herpes can be prevented by the same methods of prevention used in other sexually transmitted diseases.
- Being with a partner whose screening for STIs was negative.
- Using safe sex practices such as condoms when engaging in sexual activity. They will reduce the chances of infection, but it can still occur due to skin-on-skin contact.
- Refraining from engaging in sexual activity if you or your partner have blisters, sores, tears, or rashes that look ready to erupt
If you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms of genital herpes then it is advisable you get in touch with a medical professional immediately. Cura4U gives you the chance to select the physician and time of your choice and book an appointment at your leisure! Visit Cura4U and book your appointment with an American Board-certified physician today!
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