Basic Metabolic Panel BMP
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- Glucose: which is the primary source of energy for the body, it should be available in steady supply and present in stable amounts in the blood.
- Calcium: this is one of the most important minerals for the body as it aids in the proper functioning of the nerves, muscles, and heart. It is also essential for the formation of bones and important for blood clotting.
The BMP also tests for electrolytes which are minerals present in the blood and tissues as dissolved salts. Electrolytes move nutrients into the cells and push out waste. In addition, they ensure that the body maintains a healthy water balance and stabilize the body’s pH level. The electrolyte test includes:
- Sodium: this is essential for the normal functioning of the body, particularly nerves and muscles.
- Potassium: important for cell metabolism and muscle function. It helps in transmitting messages between muscles and nerves.
- Bicarbonate: this helps in maintaining the body’s pH level.
- Chloride: this substance helps in regulating the levels of fluid in the body and maintains the acid-base balance.
- Blood urea nitrogen: also known as BUN. This test measures the amounts of blood urea nitrogen. When the waste product is filtered out of the body by the kidneys or as kidney function decreases simultaneously do blood, urea, and nitrogen levels rise.
- Creatinine: This test measures how much of it is produced in the kidneys. Creatinine is a waste product of the muscles, which is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys. Creatinine levels are a good indicator of kidney function.
- Albumin: this is a small protein made by the liver, making up nearly 60% of the protein in the blood.
- Total protein: This test measures other proteins in addition to albumin. Proteins are the building blocks of tissues and cells in the body. they are also responsible for growth, health, and development.
- Alkaline phosphatase: also known as ALP(Alkaline phosphatase). It tests for the enzyme found in the bone, liver, and other issues.
- Alanine aminotransferase: also known as ALP, SGPT. This enzyme is found in the cells of the liver and kidney. It aids in detecting liver damage.
- Aspartate aminotransferase: also known as AST, SGOT. This is found in the heart and liver, aids in detecting liver damage.
- Bilirubin: This is an orange, yellow pigment produced as a by-product after the breakdown of heme, which is a component of hemoglobin. Bilirubin is removed from the body by the liver.