Renal Function Test
Kidney Panel, Kidney Function Panel
- 1. Filtering blood – pushing out water and small molecules but retaining blood cells, a protein called albumin, and other larger molecules through the glomerulus, which contains tiny blood filtering units called nephrons.
- 2. The glomerulus has tubes that then collect fluid and molecules which have passed through. Then they reassimilate what can be utilized by the body, add on other molecules through the process of secretion and adjust how much water will be eliminated from the body in the form of urine.
- 3. In addition to water regulation and waste elimination, the kidney maintains chemical balance in the body through these processes. The kidney regulates sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. It is critical to balance these substances in order to ensure the healthy functioning of the body. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, the concentrations of these substances go up in the blood, and waste products and fluid can accumulate to create a life-threatening situation.
- 4. In addition, the kidney sustains a healthy body via other small functions such as producing erythropoietin, a hormone responsible for stimulating red blood cell production, producing renin which helps in maintaining normal blood pressure and converting Vitamin D into a form that is more active, thereby enhancing the absorption of calcium.
- 1. Electrolytes: electrically charged chemicals crucial for normal body processes like muscle and nerve function. They also maintain the acid-base balance of the body and maintain a certain amount of fluid in the body. Electrolytes include sodium, chloride, potassium, bicarbonate.
- 2. Minerals: different minerals perform different functions. The test examines phosphorus, which is important for energy production, muscle and nerve function, as well as bone growth. It also maintains the body's pH level. On the other hand, calcium is responsible for the proper functioning of the nerves, muscles, the heart, the formation of bones, and blood clotting.
- 3. Protein: the test evaluates albumin, which is a protein that makes up about 60% of the protein in the blood and performs roles such as keeping fluid from leaking out of blood vessels and transporting different substances like drugs, ions, vitamins, and hormones throughout the body.
- 4. Waste products: it also looks at blood, urea, nitrogen, and creatinine, the last of which is a waste product made by the muscles.
- 5. Energy source: glucose is the main supply of energy for the body. There must be a steady amount of glucose in the body for use, and a certain amount of glucose must be maintained in the body.
- Urea BUN/Creatinine Ratio – which compares the amount of urea to creatinine present in the blood
- Estimated glomerular filtration rate
- Anion gap – a value calculated using the results of the electrolyte panel.
- Swelling or puffiness, particularly around the eyes or in the face, wrists, stomach, thighs, or ankles
- Urine that is foamy, bloody, or coffee-colored
- A decrease in the amount of urine
- Issues urinating, such as a burning feeling or abnormal discharge during urination, or a change in the frequency of urination, especially at night
- Mid-back pain, below the ribs, near where the kidneys are located
Frequently ordered together
Microalbumin 24 Hour Urine
Basic Metabolic Panel BMP
CBC (includes Differential and Platelets)
Blood Urea Nitrogen BUN
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel CMP
Ultrasound Kidney Ureter Bladder
Protein Total and Albumin-Plasma
Protein Total & Albumin
TOTAL PROTEIN 24HR URINE WITH CREATININE
UREA NITROGEN 24HR WITHOUT CREATININE
Blood Urea Nitrogen BUN-Creatinine Ratio
Creatinine Random Urine
See Physicians Online
- Acid Base Disorders
- Hematuria (Blood in urine)
- Proteinuria (Protein in urine)
- Acute Kidney Failure
- Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) including diabetes related CKD
- End stage renal disease needing dialysis or Kidney Transplant
- Kidney Stones
Hasan Riaz MD
Tatiana Arilha Thom, MD
- General and Urgent Care- all ages
Yanelquis Torres, MD
- Sleep Apnea
- Sleep Disorders
- Jet Lag Disorder
- Shift Work Sleep Disorder
- Restless Leg Syndrome
Ayesha Aslam Mughal, MD
- Acute And Chronic Conditions
Fabiola Baptiste, NP
- High Blood Pressure
- High Cholesterol
Raga Mohamed Ali Osman