Uveitis is an inflammation of the eyes. It affects the eye's middle layer of tissue. Uveitis symptoms can appear unexpectedly and worsen fast. Eye inflammation, discomfort, and impaired vision are among them. The illness can impair one or both eyes, and people of all ages, including kids, can be affected. Infection, damage, or an immune or chronic illness is all possible causes of uveitis. In most of the cases, no reason can be found. Uveitis is a dangerous condition that can result in irreversible visual loss. To avoid complications getting a diagnosis and management plan is important.
The type of uveitis you have is determined by which area of your eye is affected.
The ciliary body and the interior of the front of your eye are affected by anterior uveitis. The most common kind of uveitis is iritis.
The retina and blood vessels right below the lens and the fluid in the center of the eye are affected by intermediate uveitis.
The layers on the interior of the posterior of your eye that is affected by posterior uveitis are the retina and the choroid.
Panuveitis is a condition in which all segments of the uvea, from the front to the posterior, become affected.
· Pulmonary sarcoidosis, seronegative arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and inflammatory bowel disease are examples of autoimmune or inflammatory disorders that affect other body regions.
· Cat scratch disease, herpes infection, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, or TB are examples of infections.
· Adverse effects of certain medications
· Eye operation or damage to the eye
· Eye malignancy (lymphoma)
· Uveitis may be more common in those who have mutations in particular genes.
· Tobacco smoking has also been linked to uveitis which is more difficult to manage.
Uveitis can affect people of all ages. Many studies have previously shown that the professional age groups (20–50 years) had a significant occurrence of uveitis. It has been discovered that the prevalence of non-infectious uveitis rises with aging. Uveitis affects an estimated 109,000 individuals in the United States, with 43,000 new cases identified each year. The condition is predicted to affect 2,359,242 people globally.
Uveitis has a wide range of signs and symptoms. They usually happen all of a sudden, although they can also develop over time. Symptoms to look out for include:
· Floaters are dots in the eye that appear to be small rods or chains of clear bubbles that float around in the range of vision.
· Redness and discomfort in the eyes
· Blurring of vision
· Foggy vision
· Photophobia due to abnormal light sensitivity.
· Uveitis can result in a visual loss if left untreated.
The best way to treat uveitis is to figure out what's triggering it and which part of the eye is affected. Although medicine is the most common therapy, surgery may be required in rare situations with severe uveitis.
Uveitis might go away fast, but it can also return. It can take a course of a chronic illness. Most people with uveitis who receive timely treatment have little, if any, chronic visual impairment. Treatments can halt the advancement of the disease and recover the eyesight that has been lost. Severe cases may need long-term care. Severe illness increases the risk of loss of vision or blindness.
Our clinical experts continually monitor the health and medical content posted on CURA4U, and we update our blogs and articles when new information becomes available. Last reviewed by Dr.Saad Zia on May 09, 2023.