A screening mammogram is a medical imaging test used to screen for breast cancer in women who do not have any symptoms. It is typically recommended for women over the age of 40 or for those who have an increased risk of breast cancer due to a family history or other factors. Also, to check for any abnormalities, such as lumps, calcifications, or masses, that may indicate the presence of breast cancer.
Screening mammograms can help detect breast cancer early, when it is more treatable, and can also help identify abnormalities that may require further testing, such as a diagnostic mammogram, breast ultrasound, or breast biopsy. However, it is important to note that screening mammograms are not foolproof, and they may miss some cancers or identify false positives, which are abnormalities that turn out to be noncancerous.
It is also important for women to perform regular breast self-exams and to report any changes or concerns to their healthcare provider. Women who have a personal or family history of breast cancer or other risk factors may need to start screening mammograms earlier or have them more frequently, and they should discuss their individual risk and screening schedule with their healthcare provider.