MRI Pelvis with & without Contrast
MRI pelvis is performed to diagnose diseases of the organs that reside in the pelvis. Pelvis refers to the area below your belly, surrounded by hip bones. It holds many vital urogenital organs and some parts of digestive organs like the large bowel, small bowel, urinary bladder, female reproductive organs, prostate, and other male reproductive organs, lymph nodes, and pelvic bones. MRI uses a magnetic field, the energy of radio waves, and a computer to create images of these organs which help the doctor to visualize defects if present.
MRI scan with contrast implies using a contrast agent, a special dye that enhances the image quality. Therefore, this material is not used in an MRI pelvis without contrast.
Why and when do you need this test?
Your doctor may advise this test if you have signs and symptoms of a disease related to the pelvic organs or some deranged results of other medical tests that may point toward the pathology of the organs that reside in the pelvis. Some of the indications for an MRI pelvis include;
- Problems with urination (pain, leakage, or difficulty passing urine)
- Pelvic pain, or hip pain
- Irregular, prolonged, or unusual periods
- Unexplained vaginal bleeding
- To rule out a pelvic infection (PID)
- Suspecting cysts, fibroids, or polyps in the reproductive organs
- Problems with genital organs (testes, scrotum, prostrate)
- To assess for abnormalities in cases of infertility
- Masses, tumors, and abscesses of the pelvic organs identified by some other tests
Do you need to prepare for the test?
It is a special test that may need some preparation.
- You may be asked to use only a liquid diet 3-4 hours before the test or to stop drinking or eating for a few hours before the test.
- Since the test uses a magnetic field, you may need to tell the doctor if you have any metal implants, pacemakers, or prostheses in your body and bring detailed information about them.
- You would be asked not to wear any jewelry or watches or not bring keys, credit cards, or ATM cards.
What can you expect?
- The nurse will prick a vein in your arm to establish a cannula to inject the contrast material for the MRI with contrast.
- You may feel a warm flush in your body and a metallic taste in the mouth during the contrast injection, but it will go away soon.
- For the MRI without contrast, no contrast is injected.
- You will be asked to lie down on the table that will slide into the MRI machine that looks like a large tunnel
- You need to lie down still and not move to prevent the images from getting blurry.
- If you feel uneasy at closed paces, you may ask for relaxing medicine.
- Inside the machine, you will hear tapping or snapping noises.
- You will be alone in the room but under the constant care of a technician across the glass window who will be talking to you.
- It is a painless procedure that lasts 30-40 minutes but may take longer.
Are there any risks to this test?
It is a non-invasive test that usually has no risks.
The contrast material used can be harmful to patients with kidney disease.
The contrast material may cause some allergic reactions, but fortunately, they are easily controlled with the help of medications.
The metformin medicine taken by diabetic people may interact with the contrast agent.
What do the test results mean?
The abnormal results may include;
- Bladder or colorectal cancer
- Ovarian torsion or Ovarian tumor
- Endometrial fibroids, adenomyosis or endometrial cancer
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Prostate or testicular cancers
- Structural defects of the pelvic organs
- Bone tumors
- Hip fractures
Other related tests may include:
- CT scan of the pelvis
- Pelvic Ultrasound
Frequently ordered together
CT Abdomen Pelvis with Contrast
CT Abdomen Pelvis without Contrast
CT Angiogram-Abdominal Aorta and Pelvis
CT Abdomen And Pelvis with & without Contrast
CT Pelvis without Contrast
CT Pelvis with Contrast
CT Pelvis With & Without Contrast
CT Abdomen-Pelvis-IVP Urogram With and Without Contrast
MR Angiogram Pelvis with And without Contrast
MRI Pelvis without Contrast
MRI Pelvis with Contrast
CT Abdomen and Pelvis with Contrast
CT Pelvis with Contrast
CT pelvis without Contrast
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