Microalbumin Random Urine with Creatinine
24-Hour Urine Protein, Urine Total Protein, Urine Protein to Creatinine Ratio, UPCR
- A semi-quantitative protein "dipstick" is performed as part of a urinalysis, typically on a single urine sample.
- The quantity of protein in a 24-hour urine sample may be measured and reported as the amount of protein released per 24 hours.
- The amount of protein in a random urine sample can also be measured alongside the amount of urine creatinine and reported as the ratio of urine protein to creatinine (UPCR). The routine dipstick test measures the amount of albumin in the urine. Albumin is a protein that composes nearly 60% of the protein in the blood. If the kidneys are damaged, the amount of albumin in the urine rises. If slight to moderate amounts of protein are found, then a repeat of the urinalysis and dipstick may be ordered at a later time to see if it has subsided. High levels of protein warrant repeat testing. If the same levels or increased levels are found, then other blood tests and a 24-hour test will be ordered. UP/CR can be ordered on a single sample if there is a high level of protein in the blood. 24-hour or random sample tests are used for monitoring people with kidney conditions, and dipstick urine or protein to creatinine ratio is used for people that are on medication that impacts kidney function.
- Urinary tract infection
- Multiple myeloma
- Bladder cancer
- Congestive heart failure
- Drug therapies that are potentially toxic to the kidneys
- Goodpasture syndrome
- Heavy metal poisoning
Microalbumin Urine, Random Urine with creatinine, Urinalysis, Albumin, Urine Albumin, and Albumin to Creatinine Ratio, Total Protein, Albumin-Globulin (A/G) Ratio, Protein Electrophoresis, Immunofixation Electrophoresis, Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), Creatinine, Urine, Creatinine Clearance, Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR)