Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are a group of diseases that are transferred through sexual intercourse. These diseases are extremely common in the world. STDs are the second most commonly occurring infectious diseases after the common cold in the United States. About 1 million people every year suffer from STDs in the world. The spectrum of diseases varies from moderately severe to extremely dangerous diseases like AIDS. Whatever the outcome, education about STDs is extremely important to prevent their occurrence.
STDs are spread through sexual intercourse. The organisms responsible for various STDs are:
Sexually transmitted diseases can be divided into three types depending upon the causative agents:
Risk factors for STDs include:
Constitutional symptoms of STDs include:
For each STD, specific clinical signs and symptoms help identify the type of disease and reach a diagnosis. These include:
Complications of STDs include:
Specific lab tests are used for each type of STD. These include:
Differential diagnoses for STDs include:
Bacterial STDs are curable, whereas viral SYDs are usually incurable, and only symptomatic relief can be provided till the natural course of the disease is completed. Specific anti-bacterial drugs are used for each bacterial STD.
Prognosis against STDs depends upon the type of infection, causative agent, extent, and developing complications. Bacterial STDs have a good prognosis with proper treatment and management. Viral STDs are generally incurable but have a good prognosis if appropriate care is taken with symptomatic relief and complications do not develop. Diseases like AIDS that progress to a later stage can have a poor prognosis.
Our clinical experts continually monitor the health and medical content posted on CURA4U, and we update our blogs and articles when new information becomes available. Last reviewed by Dr.Saad Zia on May 29, 2023.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (who.int)
Covid-19: Sexually transmitted diseases surged in US during pandemic | The BMJ