X-Ray Abdomen Series
Also known as
An abdominal x-ray is a routine diagnostic examination that uses minimal radiation to produce abdominal cavity images. It is most commonly used to view the abdominal anatomy, including the stomach, liver, intestines, and spleen, to help diagnose and locate inexplicable pain, chronic nausea, or wrenching vomiting. When used to observe kidneys, ureters, and bladder, it is called a KUB X ray. Since abdominal X-ray is fast and reliable, it is beneficial for emergency treatment and diagnosis after an accident. It is also a non-invasive and frequent form of medical imaging.
Abdominal X-rays are primarily employed to diagnose suspected causes of abdominal pain. The pain could be caused by abnormal masses such as Intra-abdominal mass (neoplasms - benign or malignant), blockages, Ascites (Abnormal fluid accumulation in the abdomen), or Perforated hollow viscus (such as bowel or stomach, evident by free intraperitoneal air). These X-rays are used in conjunction with abdominal CT scans and renal or kidney tests to observe the GI tract or urinary tract. Suppose information regarding the size, shape, and position of abdominal organs is required. In that case, it can be observed on the abdominal radiograph. You may also see gallstones, kidneys, and ureters. In some instances, calcification of the aorta may also be observed with an abdominal X-ray. An X-ray may also be used to diagnose suspected peptic ulcer perforation and bowel obstruction. Still, there may be other reasons for your physician to recommend an abdominal X-ray. If the patient cannot tolerate an upright position, technicians may change their position to a more comfortable one.
An abdominal x-ray is usually the first diagnostic exam used to diagnose and evaluate the causes of unexplained acute pain and vomiting, and nausea. Conditions such as the following also require abdominal X rays to be diagnosed:
Gallstones, urinary bladder stones, and kidney stones
Punctures in the stomach or intestinal lining
Accidental ingestion of foreign objects
To help correctly lodge catheters and tubes for feeding or decompressing organs such as the gallbladder and kidneys.
Determine bowel distension and amount of bowel gas
Assess air-fluid levels
Rule out pneumoperitoneum
Abdominal X-ray exam requires no special preparation, although following these points may help streamline the process:
Tell your doctor and the technician if there is a possibility you are pregnant, or you have an intrauterine device (IUD)
Do not wear jewelry, removable dental appliances, eye-glasses, and any metallic objects
no sedation or fasting is required
Consult your doctor if you take blood thinners or Vitamin E. Medicines with bismuth traces can be an obstruction for radiographs
Consult your physician if you wear any on-body devices such as an insulin pump
You will be asked to change into a hospital gown prior to the exam
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