Arthritis is defined as swelling of joints due to multiple reasons such as inflammation, autoimmune disease, infection, crystals deposition, mechanical or structural derangements, cancer, etc. Inflammation is accompanied by pain in most cases that may be localized to joints or generalized depending upon the extent of the disease. Clinical features, a careful history, and some lab investigations help differentiate different types of arthritis.
The following could be the causes of arthritis:
Following are the types of arthritis:
The most common type is osteoarthritis, followed by rheumatoid arthritis.
Arthritis is prevalent worldwide. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are more prevalent in women than in men, and the most common age group is after 45 years of life. Septic arthritis can affect any age group. It is more prevalent in young adults where the infection is commonly acquired secondary to trauma. Certain genetic factors also make people more susceptible to the disease. Risk factors for arthritis include:
Common signs and symptoms of arthritis include:
Complications of arthritis include:
Differential diagnoses of arthritis include:
Medication against arthritis include:
The prognosis for arthritis is generally good. It depends upon the type of arthritis and its extent and other factors like a person’s age and lifestyle, such as being overweight, smoking, etc. Nevertheless, it can seriously affect a person’s quality of life and life expectancy.
Our clinical experts continually monitor the health and medical content posted on CURA4U, and we update our blogs and articles when new information becomes available. Last reviewed by Dr.Saad Zia on May 12, 2023.